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National News

February 6, 2013

Five Things To Know About Public WiFi

WASHINGTON — News reports on a push by the Federal Communications Commission to broaden access to public WiFi networks around the nation generated a lot of discussion. Senior FCC officials say they actively support the proposal, and the idea has sparked a lot of questions. Here are five things you need to know about the FCC's plan:

1. The FCC won't build or run the super WiFi networks.

The agency wants to dedicate a swath of powerful airwaves that any company or person can tap freely to create products, such as cars that can communicate with each other over long distances or powerful WiFi networks that allow users to access the Internet across an entire town.

Cities have expressed interest in using these airwaves to create free WiFi service for residents or tourists. Businesses such as Google or even a local coffee house might do the same for consumers, but they would have to build and pay for the infrastructure to create WiFi "hotspots," which would then provide access to the Web.

What is "free" is access to these public, or unlicensed, airwaves. By comparison, for instance, AT&T charges its customers a monthly fee to use its wireless service because the company spent billions to license the right to those airwaves.

As the story noted, the first time the agency pulled the trigger on a similar idea, numerous products were created, such as garage door openers, baby monitors and TV remote controls out of surplus bandwidth or "junk band."

2. The idea is part of a bigger plan.

The proposal is part of the FCC's landmark reorganization of television broadcast spectrum that would be repurposed for mobile broadband services and emergency first responders.

The vast majority of airwaves would be available for auction. But the FCC wants to reserve a portion of the nation's spectrum for public use, according to a plan introduced in September. That portion of airwaves is known as unlicensed "white spaces" and has been referred to as super WiFi technology. As with regular WiFi, no one would have to go to the FCC to pay a licensing fee if the airwaves are used to create, say, a free wireless network.

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